عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
Assessment of environmental and economic performance of Waste-to-Energy facilities in Thai cities
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
ارزیابی عملکرد محیطی و اقتصادی تسهیلات زباله به انرژی در شهرستانهای تایلند
Sciencedirect - Elsevier - Renewable Energy, 86 (2016) 576-584. doi:10.1016/j.renene.2015.08.054
Waste-to-Energy (WtE) technologies seem to be an option to tackle the growing waste management problems in developing Asia. This paper presents a quantitative assessment of the environmental and economic attributes of two major WtE technologies: landﬁll gas to energy (LFG-to-energy) and incin- eration in Thai cities. Net greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, net fossil resource consumption and net life- cycle cost (LCC) were used as the basic indicators for measuring performance of these two technologies from a life cycle perspective. The assessment found that at the current efﬁciency level, both the LFG-to- energy project and the incineration facility contribute to GHG mitigation and fossil resource savings as compared to the Business as Usual (BAU) practice. However, the ﬁnancial returns from these operations are very low and insufﬁcient to compensate the costs. The paper argues that substantial improvements of WtE plants can be made by adopting proper management practices, enhancing the efﬁciencies of energy production. Such upgrading would further reduce GHG emissions, increase fossil resource savings and strengthen the ﬁnancial performance to the beneﬁt of local governments. The authors recognize the potential of incorporating other treatment options along with WtE technologies, for moving towards more sustainable waste management approaches like integrated waste management systems.© 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Keywords: Municipal Solid Waste | MSW | Waste-to-Energy | WtE | Life Cycle Assessment | LCA | Asia | Thailand
قیمت: 1000 تومان